The 7 horse riding basic rules in Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyzstan is a great place to ride horses!  Horse riding in Kyrgyzstan is an adventure and a new experience. With spectacular landscapes and vast tracts of undeveloped land, there’s no better way to get to the heart of Kyrgyzstan.  Our skilled horsemen and experienced guides work hard to make sure you stay safe and have a good time—listen closely to their instructions, and feel free to ask questions any time!

For your ride: Wear closed-toed shoes.  We recommend long pants—bare legs will be quickly chaffed and blistered.  Bring layers to deal with changing weather conditions—riding is not an aerobic activity, you will be at a cooler base temperature than if you were hiking.  Gloves are also a good idea.

If you want to add or remove a jacket layer, tell your guide.  The rustling and sudden distortion of your shape can startle some horses.  The horsemen will know which animals are prone to spook and assist you with the process. Eat well and stay hydrated.  Riding is not aerobic, but it is still a strenuous physical activity.  Chances are you will discover a few new muscles along the way.

You will want to carry a camera with you!  It’s beautiful here, and the best views are always from the back of a horse.  Keep cameras, water bottles, or other items securely attached to yourself or your saddle.  Aside from possible damage to your device, mysterious objects falling noisily from the sky can frighten even wise and experienced trail horses.  If taking a photo or a drink, keep one hand on your reins.

Never walk behind a horse.  Horses have two blind spots, one of which is just behind their tail.  Even a gentle horse may kick at an unexpected sound or movement.  It is best to give the rear end of a horse at least 2m berth.  If you have to pass closer, talk out loud and make your presence known. Some horses are grouchy after a day’s work, and some are friendly. If you want to pet a horse, the horsemen can direct you towards one which will appreciate the attention.

Horses are highly intelligent animals.  Unlike a bicycle or a car, each one has unique personality traits and motivations and makes independent decisions.  At times, you and your horse may disagree about the best course of action.  The best reaction on your part to any situation is to remain calm and firmly command your animal.

Children are often excited about riding horses!  In Kyrgyz culture, children learn riding and husbandry skills from a young age. We recommend that children be at least 7 years of age for short rides and 10 for overnight trips.  Younger children have a difficult time following instruction, and may not have the physical capabilities to control a horse.  Talk to your guide, and they can arrange to have a smaller child meet and be led on a calm horse for a short “pony ride”.

Our horsemen select gentle and experienced horses, which are confident and surefooted on mountain terrain.  They pay close attention to the health and welfare of the animals which support them and their families in their daily work.  Horses have a strong place in the heart of Kyrgyz culture and are admired for their courage and intelligence.  Your horsemen and guides will do everything they can to ensure you and your horse have a great ride!

Horse riding Kyrgyzstan

Riding Basics

1. Keep your feet in the stirrups.

If your horse moves unexpectedly, stumbles or crosses difficult terrain, the stirrups will save your balance.  You should ride with the bar of the stirrup on the ball of your foot—don’t push your foot all the way in.

2. Sit straight and centered.

Once you are in the saddle your belly button should align with the mane—line of hair—on the horse’s neck.  If you are off to one side, straighten up.  Carrying your weight lopsided is difficult for your horse, and throws you both off balance.  If your saddle seems crooked, step hard on one stirrup and tug the saddle towards the center.  If you are unable to shift it, or uncomfortable trying, one of the guides will be happy to help.

3. Don’t let go of the reins.

The reins are your steering wheel AND your brakes.  To stop—pull straight back on both reins.  To turn, reach down and pull out to one side in the direction you want to go.  Where the horse’s head points, the rest of them will follow.

4. To get your horse to go say “chu.” If they don’t go, kick.  If they still don’t go, tap them firmly with the whip.

Horses are big animals.  When they play together they kick each other– and you do not kick as hard as a horse!  A firm kick will not even hurt your horse’s feelings.

5. Don’t let them eat.

The most common misbehavior, eating on the trail is a nuisance for you and everyone else.  The horsemen make sure the horses have enough grazing time every day—there is no need for them to snack while you are in the saddle.  Given the choice, your horse would prefer an all-day picnic to an all-day ride. If your horse is trying to eat, pull its head away from food, give it a firm kick, and keep going.

6. Going uphill, lean forward, going downhill, lean back.

7. Be mindful of everyone’s welfare.

If you are an experienced rider, keep in mind that others in the group, especially children, may not be.  If you ride your horse near theirs at a fast pace or in an excited state their animals will want to join in.  Don’t run through cultivated fields or housing areas where children or pets may be at play and don’t disturb herds of animals that are grazing unless you have permission from the shepherd.

Rules for Horseback Riding in Kyrgyzstan


Horseback riding is a popular activity in Kyrgyzstan, where vast stretches of pristine mountain landscapes offer an excellent setting for an unforgettable equestrian experience. However, it is essential to observe certain rules and regulations to ensure the safety of riders, the well-being of horses, and the preservation of the natural environment. In this guide, we will provide you with an overview of the rules for horseback riding in Kyrgyzstan.

Choose a reputable tour operator or guide:
Before embarking on a horseback riding tour in Kyrgyzstan, make sure to choose a reputable tour operator or guide. They should have a valid license, provide well-trained horses and equipment, and have a good reputation for safety and customer satisfaction.

Wear appropriate clothing and gear:
When horseback riding in Kyrgyzstan, wear appropriate clothing and gear that is comfortable and provides adequate protection against the sun, wind, and rain. Closed-toe shoes or boots with a small heel are recommended to ensure a firm grip on the stirrups.

Follow the instructions of your guide:
Listen carefully to your guide’s instructions before and during the ride. They will provide you with valuable information on how to handle the horse, communicate with it, and navigate through different terrains. Always follow their guidance and ask questions if you are unsure about anything.

Respect the environment and wildlife:
Kyrgyzstan is known for its spectacular natural beauty and rich wildlife. As a responsible rider, you must respect the environment and wildlife by not leaving any trash behind, not disturbing animals, and not damaging vegetation or soil.

Observe safety measures:
Horseback riding can be a risky activity, and accidents can happen. To minimize the risk of injury or harm, always wear a helmet, avoid reckless behavior, and stay within the designated trails or areas. In case of an emergency, contact your guide or the local authorities immediately.


Horseback riding in Kyrgyzstan is an adventure of a lifetime, but it is also a responsibility that requires adherence to certain rules and regulations. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a safe, enjoyable, and memorable experience while respecting the natural environment and cultural heritage of Kyrgyzstan.

Horseback tour from Suusamyr to Song-Kul

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